360搜索引擎取真实地址-python代码

关键词: 爬虫

还是个比较简单的,不像百度有加密算法

分析



http://www.so.com/link?url=http%3A%2F%2Fedu.sd.chinamobile.com%2Findex%2Fnews.do%3Faction%3DnoticeDetail%26id%3D22452&q=inurl%3Anews.do&ts=1488978912&t=89c5361a44fe3f52931d25c6de262bb&src=haosou

网址是上面这个样子,没加密直接取就好了,去掉头http://www.so.com/link?url=和尾&q=一直到末尾的部分,剩下的就可以吃了
那么规则我们就可以写出来了


a['href'][a['href'].index('?url='):a['href'].index('&q=')][5:]

a['href']是待处理网址,a['href'].index('?url='):a['href'].index('&q=')的部分为?url=http%3A%2F%2Fedu.sd.chinamobile.com%2Findex%2Fnews.do%3Faction%3DnoticeDetail%26id%3D22452

最后还需要用unquote解码

code



import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from urllib.parse import unquote

headers = {
    "User-Agent" : "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; rv:53.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/53.0"
}

## 爬取360搜索引擎真实链接,第一个参数关键词str,第二个参数爬取页数int
def parse360(keyword, pagenum):
    keywordsBaseURL = 'https://www.so.com/s?q=' + str(keyword) + '&pn='
    pnum = 1
    while pnum <= int(pagenum):
        baseURL = keywordsBaseURL + str(pnum)
        try:
            request = requests.get(baseURL, headers=headers)
            soup = BeautifulSoup(request.text, "html.parser")
            urls = [unquote(a['href'][a['href'].index('?url='):a['href'].index('&q=')][5:]) for a in soup.select('li.res-list > h3 > a')]
            for url in urls:
                yield url
        except:
            yield None
        finally:
            pnum += 1

用法示例:


def main():
    for url in parse360("keyword",10):
        if url:
            print url
        else:
            continue

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

最后上一张测试图


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创作时间: 2017.03.08 21:12
最后修改: 2017.03.27 18:41

本文版权:Akkuman's   共享协议:署名-非商业使用-禁止演绎


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